knee arthritis


  • Arthritis is the most common cause of disability
  • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis affects over 27 million individuals around the world


Arthritis is inflammation of a joint. Joints are found everywhere in the body where two bones meet. There are many forms of arthritis however the most prevalent form is Osteoarthritis (OA).

OA is commonly referred to as wear-and-tear arthritis because it occurs when cartilage between joints wears down over time. Cartilage provides cushion between bones allowing for frictionless movement. If the cartilage wears down enough bone may rub on bone. OA most commonly affects joints in the neck, hands, lower back, knees and hips; this can damage any joint in the body. As time progresses osteoarthritis worsens. There is no cure for OA, however there are treatments available to help relieve pain associated with arthritis. These treatments help to improve joint function, and even slow the progression of the disease.


There are over 100 forms of arthritis. The three most prevalent types of arthritis are:

  • Osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Juvenile Arthritis (JA)


The symptoms experienced with OA generally develop slowly and worsen over time. Symptoms of OA include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • Grating Sensation
  • Loss of Flexibility

If you are experiencing joint pain or stiffness that persists for over a few weeks, it is recommended that an appointment be made with a physician.


A physical examination of the affected joint(s) will be done to check for swelling, tenderness, or redness. The joint’s range of motion may also be examined. If necessary, imaging and lab tests may be ordered by the physician. Imaging test will take a picture of the joint. These images are achieved through an X-ray or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).


Osteoarthritis is a progressive disease that occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of bones deteriorates. There is no known cause however there are certain factors that increase an individual’s risk of developing OA. These factors include:

  • Age: risk of developing OA increases with age
  • Gender: women have a higher risk for developing OA compared to men
  • Weight: carrying more weight puts stress on joints


Although there is no cure for OA, there are treatments available to help relieve the pain associated with OA.

  • Nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen or narcotics for severe pain
  • Cortisone shots
  • Lubrications shots
  • Osteotomy or realignment of bones for OA in knee joints
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Pinnacle Pain and Spine

5.0 out of 5 stars
- June 20, 2017

Comfortable and confident.


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5.0 out of 5 stars
- June 20, 2017

Dr. Crooks is an amazing Doctor. Everyone in the office is always so kind and welcoming.


5.0 out of 5 stars
- April 14, 2017

This is my first review that I have written, but I really wanted to help those of you seeking a skilled, compassionate and professional pain management practice. I highly recommend Pinnacle Pain and Spine to anyone seeking pain treatment in this area. I have been to 3 other pain management Dr's in the past and none of them have given me the type of relief that I get from Dr Crook's treatment. He actually listens to my symptoms and reviews my past history. This has helped him to formulate a treatment plan that gives me the most benefit. His compassion and "down to earth" attitude also makes Dr. Crooks very approachable. He answers my questions in a way that I actually understand. As a result, I always have a clear understanding of my treatment plan and feel confident in his ability. I also trust that Dr. Crooks has my best interests and health in mind when he makes recommendations. His staff is also wonderful, they are very professional and friendly. They always attempt to accommodate my schedule, which is so helpful to a working mom. I truly hope that if you are reading this and are in need of pain relief that you meet with Dr. Crooks. I know that Dr. Crooks and his staff will do everything they can to help their patients reduce their level of pain and improve their quality of life.


5.0 out of 5 stars
- February 2, 2017

As to efficacy and skill, Dr. Crooks is your coup de grace, the mother lode, and what every physician should aspire to. In other words, without any serious hyperbole, he is the real deal and the embodiment of almost every patients hope, because when he looks at something for the very first time, he really sees it with an unsorted lens (baby eyes): free from any preconceived notions. Furthermore, he’s mature and has this unique and uncanny ability to drill down to the root cause of your malaise…making each and every moment with him an expansive rewarding experience in and of itself.


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